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Is the emergency contraceptive pill safe?

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Christy
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Is the emergency contraceptive pill safe?

Unread post by Christy » Fri Feb 21, 2014 3:35 pm

Emergency contraception -- also called postcoital contraception -- is a form of birth control that may be used by women who have had unprotected sex or used a contraceptive method that failed. The treatment generally is reserved for emergency situations and is not a regular method of birth control. Emergencies include being raped, having a condom break or slip off during sex, missing two or more birth control pills during a monthly cycle, and having unplanned sex. Emergency contraception is not a form of abortion; it is used to prevent a pregnancy, not end one. Emergency contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. It is not RU-466, the medication used to induce abortions.

Postinor, Postinor-2, and Postinor Duo

Take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex. This 2-pill dose contains 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel. (In some countries, a 1-pill formulation is available under the brand name Postinor 1 or Postinor2 Unidosis, and a single pill contains 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel.)
Postinor,is a specifically packaged emergency contraception. It is available to anyone over the counter without a prescription or age restrictions.

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How Does It Work?
Postinor 1 or Postinor2, emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy by temporarily blocking eggs from being produced, by stopping fertilization, or by keeping a fertilized egg from becoming implanted in the uterus. Postinor 1 or Postinor2,is taken in one dose with one pill. Its effectiveness depends on how soon you take the pill. It should be taken as soon as possible -- within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. When Postinor 1 or Postinor2 is taken as directed, it can reduce the chance of pregnancy by close to 90%.

Postinor 1 or Postinor2 can be taken up to 120 hours after sex. It is taken as one tablet in one dose.

An IUD can be inserted to prevent pregnancy within five to seven days after unprotected intercourse.

How Effective Is Emergency Contraception?
If Postinor 1 or Postinor2 is taken as directed after unprotected sex, it will decrease the chances of a pregnancy occurring. About 7 out of every 8 women who would have gotten pregnant do not become pregnant.

In two reported studies, Postinor 1 or Postinor2 significantly reduced the pregnancy rate from an expected rate of 5.5% and 5.6% to 2.2% and 1.9%, respectively. In a pooled analysis of the data, the effectiveness did not fade for 120 hours after unprotected sex.

An IUD can be up to 99% effective when inserted within 5 to 7 days after unprotected intercourse.

The emergency contraceptive pill is safe though it can cause mild side-effects, but these are uncommon and they tend to wear off quickly. Possible side effects include:

Levonelle:

Nausea.
Headache.
Abdominal pain.
Sickness.
Slight changes to your menstrual cycle, which may mean that your next period is slightly earlier or later than usual.
If you are sick within a short period of time after taking the pill it may be necessary for you to have another one, but always ask your GP or pharmacist for advice.

Where Can I Get Emergency Contraception?
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are available at Planned Parenthood; college, public, and women's health centers; private doctors; and some hospital emergency rooms.

Some doctors will prescribe ECPs over the phone and call the prescription in to a pharmacy. As mentioned above, Postinor 1 or Postinor2 is available at pharmacies without a prescription.

Who Should Not Use Emergency Contraception?
Postinor 1 or Postinor2 will not affect an existing pregnancy or cause harm to a fetus. Postinor 1 or Postinor2 should not be used by women who are already pregnant or suspected to be pregnant. The risk to a human fetus is unknown. Animal studies have demonstrated risk of fetal loss. Also, women who have had clotting disorders or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) should not use Postinor 1 or Postinor2.



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Aunty Nurse
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Re: Is the emergency contraceptive pill safe?

Unread post by Aunty Nurse » Sun Feb 23, 2014 8:21 pm

Postinor-2 is an emergency contraceptive only. Postinor-2 is not intended as a regular method of contraception. It is used to prevent pregnancy when taken within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse.

HOW TO TAKE POSTINOR-2

Take one tablet as soon as possible after unprotected intercourse. The sooner that you take the tablet, the more effective it is likely to be. It is best to take it immediately after you receive it. The first tablet should be taken no later than 72 hours after intercourse. Take the second tablet exactly 12 hours after the first tablet. As you must take the second tablet exactly 12 hours after the first tablet, you should work out a time when you will be able to take the second tablet (for example, not in the middle of the night when you will probably be asleep) and take the first tablet 12 hours before then. This means you might need to delay the first dose slightly. You should remember though that the sooner the first tablet is taken, the greater the likelihood of the treatment stopping you from falling pregnant.
Postinor-2 is not recommended for children. There is only limited information available on Postinor-2 when taken by women aged 14-16 years and no information on its use in younger women or children.

SIDE EFFECTS
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well after you take Postinor-2. All medicines have side effects. Often they are not serious but sometimes they can be. You may need medical treatment if you get some side effects.

Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.

Common side effects are tiredness, nausea and vomiting. Some patients have also experienced stomach pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, headache, tender breasts, increased vaginal bleeding and skin reactions.
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell.

AFTER USING POSTINOR-2
If you do not get your period within 3 weeks of taking the tablets you must see your doctor, as you may be pregnant. If Postinor-2 does not work, you could be pregnant. Your doctor will order a pregnancy test. If stomach pain is severe you should see your doctor immediately as on rare occasions a tubal pregnancy could occur.

Postinor-2 is only intended as an emergency measure. If you have not already done so you should discuss with your doctor other methods of long term contraception.

You should not breast feed within three days after taking Postinor-2.
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Kunle Emmanuel
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Re: Is the emergency contraceptive pill safe?

Unread post by Kunle Emmanuel » Mon Dec 21, 2015 10:46 am

Postinor 2 is a medication to prevent pregnancy if you shine the sperm into the ovary, whether intentional or not. It can prevent pregnancy 95% in the first 24 hours after intercourse, it is used as a form of emergency contraception (more commonly known as a morning after pill). Postinor-2 is formulated to function in a manner similar to the female hormone progesterone allowing for prevention of pregnancy if taken within a reasonable period of time. Generally, it is recommended that Postinor-2 be taken no later than three days after having unprotected se x.

EFFECTS OF POSTINOR 2
  • 1. When taken in the middle of the menstrual cycle, the preparation may inhibit ovulation.
    2. The pill can cause changes in the menstrual cycle in the lady. Your next period could start earlier or later than expected and flow can be lighter or heavier than normal.
    3. It can cause nauseating feeling which occurs in approximately 25% of users vomiting
    4. It can also bring about bleeding disturbances in some cases, 2-3 days following tablet ingestion
    Sometimes it can cause breast tenderness, headache, dizziness, fatigue.
    5. In the majority of cases the next period starts as expected or somewhat earlier, if the period is more than 7 days late it is recommended to perform a pregnancy test.
    6. In case of prolonged or heavy bleeding, gynaecological examinations is advised.
    If the user has a reported case of asthma, heart failure, hypertension, migraine, epilepsy, renal impairment, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidaemia, depression, and / or stroke, the preparation may be used exclusively in the above mentioned emergency cases. it is not appropriate for regular use.
The manufacturer of the emergency contraceptive offers the efficiency of the pill when it is taken as directed. Logically, the longer the interval between unprotected sex and taking the pill, the decrease in how effective it will be. It is estimated that Postinor-2 will prevent 85% of expected pregnancies. 95% of expected pregnancies will be prevented if taken within the first 24 hours.
postinor-o.jpg
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