Causes of Frequent Urination
Urination is a complex process. It involves various types of muscles and muscle groups. It also involves the nerves present in brain and spine and of course in and around the bladder. So, it is quite possible that frequent urination can be a symptom of various diseases. Some of the common causes of frequent urination include the following:
Urinary Tract Infection
Certain medicines like diuretics
Stroke as well as certain other conditions related to brain and nervous system
Inflammation of the bladder wall called Interstitial cystitis
Some less common frequent urination causes include the following:
Frequent Urination in Men
Frequent urination in men is a common problem, especially in older men. Here are some facts regarding frequent urination in men:
Some of the causes of frequent urination in men include urinary tract infections, kidney stones and prostate problems. Frequent urination is one of the major symptoms of all these diseases.
Frequent urination in men may or may not accompany pain and burning sensation. The one without pain can also be a side effect of certain medications or even a symptom of diabetes.
Frequent painful urination accompanied by burning sensation can be a sign of one of the many medical conditions like urinary tract infection, prostate problem, sexually transmitted disease or kidney stones.
If frequent urination, along with pain, is also accompanied by a discharge from the penis, this may be a sign of urethritis. Most of the cases of urethritis are due to sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea or chlamydia.
In all such conditions, men should immediately contact a doctor and get diagnosed for the exact underlying cause of frequent urination to get the proper treatment.
There are certain conditions where certain symptoms are present that should not be taken seriously as there is nothing to worry about. For example, it is common in men to have a slight leakage at the end of the stream known as the post-micturition dribble. It is in no way an abnormality.
Frequent Urination in Women
When your kidneys make a lot of urine, your bladder will fill up faster and thus, you may have an urge to go to the toilet frequently. However, only a small amount of urine can be passed as compared to the enormous pressure you felt for urinating. In such a case:
You may be pregnant. Frequent urination in pregnancy is normal due to enlarged uterus that puts pressure on the bladder.
Even after pregnancy and also in some older women, an urge to urinate frequently may occur. This is due to the weakness of the muscles of their pelvic floor. Such women should consult doctor for treatment of such a condition.
If you are not pregnant, the cause for frequent urination can be urinary tract infection or bladder infection. In such a case, you may also feel discomfort in your lower pelvic area along with a burning sensation while passing urine. You will again have an urge to go to urinate shortly after leaving the toilet.
If along with burning sensation, you also experience fever and chill, this may be a kidney or pelvic infection. You should immediately consult your doctor.
The above conditions are present when you have an urge for frequent urination but you pass only a little amount of urine every time you go to the bathroom. On the other hand, you may pass a lot of urine on every occasion of your visit to bathroom following the urge to urinate frequently.
In such a case, your kidneys are making a lot of urine because you may be drinking lots of water or other fluids. Your kidneys are doing their normal job by getting rid of the extra water. There is nothing to worry about in such a case. If your frequent urination urge is hampering your daily life, try to cut back on your fluid intake.
However, if you are not drinking excessive fluids and yet passing a lots of urine, there may be certain medical conditions that might be the reasons for frequent urination by you. For example, you may be suffering from diabetes mellitus.
In case of diabetes mellitus, you have high levels of sugars in your blood. This excessive blood sugar is excreted by your kidneys into the urine. This sugar in turn, draws lots of water out of your body through the kidneys which then makes up your urine. So, if you notice certain other symptoms of diabetes such as feeling thirsty all the time, gaining or losing weight without any reason, blurred vision, fatigue etc. You should consult your doctor and check out if you have developed diabetes mellitus.
Other than diabetes mellitus, frequent urination can also occur due to high calcium level in the blood, diabetes insipidus and kidney disease. These reasons for frequent urination, actually, are common for both, women and men. Consult your doctor and get the proper treatment to cure your frequent urination.