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General Nursing Programme
The first degree available to nursing students in Nigeria is the General Nursing Programme, which results in students being awarded the Registered Nurse (RN) title over a three-year training. Prerequisites for admission to this program include the completion of a Senior Secondary School Certificate or equivalency, as well as five credits that must include a science (Biology/Health, Chemistry or Physics) and an English-language credit.
Post Basic Midwifery Programme
Once a student becomes a registered nurse, he may apply to a Post Basic Midwifery Programme to become a Registered Midwife (RM).
With an RN or RM to your name, students receive a Practicing License to begin a work-study program consisting of a year of professional on-the-job training. Here they gain experience registering patients and working towards a Clinical Specialization at the certificate level through professional programs. This can be in the fields on Nurse Anesthetist, Public Health Nursing, Pediatrics, Orthopedics. Ophthalmic or Occupational Health Nursing. Students can also receive credentials to work in Accident and Emergency Nursing, PeriOperative Nursing, Psychiatric Nursing, Burns and Plastic, Intensive Care, Ear, Nose and Throat Nursing, Cardiothoracic Nursing or Nursing Administration. These specialization programs last the full calendar year, except for the Nurse Anesthetist program, which runs 18 months.
Bachelor of Nursing Sciences
Alternatively, aspiring nurses in Nigeria can attend a five-year university where they can take courses in core subjects leading to a Bachelor of Nursing Sciences degree as well as study towards a RN, Registered Midwife (RM,) or Registered Public Health Nurse (RPHN) award. As a prerequisite, students must complete five credit level passes in the West African Examinations Council (WAEC ) or Senior Secondary School Examination (SSCE) exams in one or two sittings in the subjects of all Mathematics, English, Chemistry, Biology and Physics. Completion of these programs must include a one-year internship in an approved health care facility.
Master or DoctorateTwo schools offer further credentials, a Master or Doctorate of Philosophy with a focus in Nursing. They are Obafemi Awolowo University in Ile-Ife, and the University of Ibadan in Ibadan.
1. GENERAL NURSING PROGRAMME
Candidates for admission into the General Nursing Education Programme of the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria must posses the Senior Secondary School Certificate or its equivalent with five credits to include English Language and either Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Health Science at not more than 2 sittings.
Duration of Study Three (3) calendar years.
Registration obtainable Registered Nurse (RN)
2. POST BASIC MIDWIFERY PROGRAMME
The Candidate must be a Registered Nurse and must also meet all institutional Requirements to be admitted into any of the 66 schools of midwifery.
Duration of Study One (1) calendar year./td>
Registration obtainable Registered Midwife (RM)
3. POST BASIC PSYCHIATRIC NURSING PROGRAMME
The Candidate must be a Registered Nurse and must also meet all institutional Requirements to be admitted into any of the eight (8) schools of psychiatric nursing.
Duration of Study One (1) calendar years.
Registration obtainable Registered Psychiatric Nurse (RPN)
4. BACHELOR OF NURSING SCIENCE DEGREE PROGRAMME (B.N.Sc.)
Five Credits level passes in WASC/SSCE or its equivalent at not more than two sittings. Subject must include English Language, Chemistry, Biology, Physics and Mathematics. Candidate must also meet all institutional requirements.
Duration of Study Five (5) calendar years with one year internship in a recognized health care institution.
Registration obtainable Registered Nurse (RN), Registered Midwife (RM), Registered Public Health Nurse (RPHN). Registered Psychiatric Nurse (RPN)
Academic Qualification Bachelor of Nursing Science Degree.
5. HIGHER DEGREES IN NURSING
Admission requirements As obtainable in the different Universities offering higher degrees in Nursing
Academic Degrees Master of Philosophy, Doctor of Philosophy.
6. PROFESSIONAL PROGRAMMES
The following Post basic Nursing Programmes are run at Certificate level:
Public Health Nursing
Accident and Emergency Nursing
Ear, Nose and Throat Nursing
Burns and Plastic Nursing
Occupational Health Nursing
Intensive Care Nursing
Admission requirements Registered Nurse, Registered Midwife with at least one year post registration experience
A current practicing license
The applicant must meet all other institutional requirements
Duration of Study One Calendar Year, except for the Anaesthetist Nursing programme which runs for eighteen (18) months
Registration Obtainable Certificate in Nursing in the area of Clinical Specialization
There are many options available in nursing for those who want to pursue nursing as a profession. Nursing is a very diverse field and offers many different sectors to work in, such as, people can work with hands-on patients or they may work in a lab or a research facility, or they may go into the teaching field to guide and educate students. This field is very vast and people can opt for any option as per their interests.
Nursing has many applications in modern day medicine. Nurses can do their specialization as Registered Nurses (RNs), nurse practitioners, head nurses or nurse supervisors, Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs), home nurses, home health nurses, hospital nurses, office nursing, or nursing aides. Each specific type of nurse has a different set of responsibilities to perform.
The Nursing profession requires a great deal of patience, as well as the ability to provide comfort and care to their patients. They have to perform several duties such as provide appropriate health care services to patients including clinical assessments, treatment, diagnosing medical conditions, assessing emergencies, ordering diagnostic studies, prescribing medications, leading cardiac arrest codes and documenting medical care.
There are many nursing schools, which provide nursing education. Nursing schools provide considerable clinical experience under supervision, which is typically provided in various departments of a hospital such as maternity, pediatrics, psychiatry, and surgery. Some nursing schools also offer clinical experience in nursing homes, public health departments, home health agencies, and ambulatory clinics.
There are various job opportunities for nurses in many different departments. Mostly nursing jobs can be obtained in hospitals, while clinics, home healthcare agencies, nursing homes, nursing schools, temporary help agencies, and government agencies too provide various openings.
Nursing jobs are in high demand nationwide and earn a high range of salary. Salary range varies as per the specialization and field of work. A nursing career also offers other benefits including a flexible work schedule, a short workweek, and tuition reimbursement as well.
These specialization programs last the full timetable year, aside from the Nurse Anesthetist program, which runs year and a half.
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